Type II diabetes is on the rise, and with November being Diabetes Awareness Month, we wanted to share some risk factors, as well as signs and symptoms, and what you can do.

Albemarle Square Family Healthcare is a Charlottesville health clinic that provides top-notch health maintenance exams and more. Make an appointment with a primary care physician or nurse practitioner, and we will identify your health risks and come up with a plan to meet your goals. Schedule your appointment today!

Here’s what you need to know about the risk factors for type II diabetes.


Men are at a higher risk of developing type II diabetes than women. One theory is that men are less likely to make health maintenance exams or see their doctor on a regular basis. These exams are critical to catching risk factors, performing screening tests, and developing a plan of action to fight disease or maintain health. Catching diabetes in its early stages can actually prevent it from developing further or to delaying its onset.

Family History and Ethnicity

Diabetes is hereditary, which means if your grandparents, aunts, uncles, or parents have been diagnosed, your chances are more likely of having it, too. If it is in your genes, it’s especially important for you to be aware of your risk and to take steps to prevent it. American Indians, Native Alaskans, Pacific Islanders, African Americans, Mexican Americans, and Asian Americans are more likely to develop it and develop related conditions.


The older you are, the more likely you are to become susceptible to developing type II diabetes. If you’re 40 or older, your risk grows higher as you age.

Weight and Physical Activity

Your weight and the amount of physical activity you do has a big role to play in your risks. Eating nutritious foods is far more important than merely getting the nutrients you need through a multivitamin and eating not-so-well the rest of the time. Additionally, if you live a sedentary lifestyle, especially a stressful lifestyle, you’re much more likely to have high blood sugar. Work with your primary care physician or nurse practitioner to develop a healthy meal plan and exercise regimen.

What You Can Do

Staying on top of your health maintenance exams is one of the most important things you can do for your health. Visit with your primary care physician or nurse practitioner about your health concerns, and ask what you can do to reduce your chances of developing diabetes. Once you have a plan in place, stick to it! It’s one thing to have a plan, but it’s quite another to actually stay with it. We know that making lifestyle changes can be difficult, and will partner with you to offer support. Joining a group such as Weight Watchers or the like is also tremendously helpful.

For health maintenance exams, acute care, mental health, and occupational health screenings, contact Albemarle Square Family Healthcare. We are a Charlottesville health clinic dedicated to serving our community’s families. Contact us today to make your appointment!